The couplings basically have two parts mainly – a socket and a plug.
Coupler Socket Construction:
These locking seal quick-connect couplings are created by several designs, including:
Ball or bearing type, in which spring-loaded balls lodge in cavities to make the connection. This is the most common type, because they can be disconnected with just one hand.
Flat face coupling designs eliminate the problems of trapped pressure in a line, as well as leakage of hydraulic fluid or air by eliminating the cavity where the fluid or air rests. They can be push-to-connect or threaded, screw-in types. Flat face couplings provide high flow and low pressure drop and their sleeve-locking feature reduces the change of accidental connection.
Non-latching designs are best used when there may be frequent change-outs of the coupling, such as pneumatic ones used in test or medical applications. They usually come with a self-sealing valve that will hold the fluid in the line to prevent any leakage.
Bayonet couplings are simple to connect. The user plugs the two ends together and once engaged, gives the devices a quarter-turn to push the male end into the female socket. Twisting them a quarter turn the other direction allows them to be easily disengaged and separated. Although used in high-pressure hydraulics, they are more common in pneumatic applications.
How to Identify Coupler Plug Designs
The Standard Sleeve Type Couplers and Plugs are manufacture to insure interchangeability with other manufactures coupler and plugs.the following standard interchanges are avaiable：industrial interchange(Hansen) series,Automotive(Tru-Flate) series,Lincoln series,and the Straight Through(No Valve) series.
A/T Type - T AUTOMOTIVE COUPLERS
This type of plug has the shortest tip compared to the other three types of plugs.It has the widest section between the ball groove and the tip.
This design has a thick sealing surface around the tip,which provides better sealing and longer seal life.
Very short tip / Thick sealing surface / Wide section
I/M Type - I/M INDUSTRIAL COUPLINGS
This type of plug has been adopted by all major manufacturers.The couplings that will mate with this plug are either“sleeve”type or “push”type couplings.To identify this plug,look for the 3/16”tip and a V shape,flat bottom ball groove.Complies to ANSI T 3.20.14 dimensions.
3/16”tip / V shape,flat bottom / ball groove
ARO - ARO Type QUICK COUPLER
To identify this plug,start from the tip.It has a 5/16”tip and around ball groove similar to the A/T type
5/16"tip / Roundball groove
LincoIn Type - L STYLE QUICK COUPLER
This is the most easily identified plug due to its long tip.The tip length is 3/4”and can only be used with a matching coupling design.
3/4"tip / Round bottom ball groove
Quick Couplers & Plugs Introduction
Quick disconnect couplers are the fastest,easiest,and most reliable means of joining pneumatic and fluid transfer lines.
All quick disconnect couplers work on the same principle：
Hardened balls or pins engage a groove in the coupler plug to hold it securely against a soft sealwhie permitting to swivel,thereby preventing kinking or twisting of hose.
A sliding sleeve releases the locking balls when retracted,permitting the plug to be inserted or removed.The sleeve automatically returns to the locked position when released.
An automatic shutoff valve in the coupler seals instantly upon uncouplig,eliminating the need for a separate shutoff.
Air Quick Coupler Features/Benefits
Long Service Life. Zinc plating provides an on-corrosive finish.Heat treating hardens critical wear points.Molded Buna-n seals create a leak proof connection.
Efficient Performance. Tubular valve design provides high flow rates.Steel locking balls ensure connection holds tight under the most rugged applications.Spring loaded sliding outer sleeve allows quick connec/disconnect
Many Sizes&Styles. Available in 1/4,3/8,1/2,3/4 inch bodies with male and female pipe threads,hose barb or lock-on ends for every application.
Interchangeability. Fully interchangeable with couplers and plugs made by other manufacturers.(See interchange chart) .
Pneumatic Quick Disconnect Fittings
Pneumatic quick disconnect fittings are a widely-used component within industrial, construction, and automotive environments. They offer users the ability to connect and disconnect air compressors, compressed air lines, and tools.
Additionally, Longwei’s pneumatic quick disconnect fittings are available in several connection styles or interchanges. Interchanges are a universally accepted configuration of the shape and size of the fittings plug. In other words, the interchange is the shape and size of the pneumatic plug.
Longwei’s pneumatic fittings include the following interchanges: industrial, ARO, Lincoln, Automotive, and European/High Flow.
View our quick coupling selection here!
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